“Chemical Access to D-Sarmentose Units Enables the Total Synthesis of Cardenolide Monoglycoside N-1

“Chemical Access to D-Sarmentose Units Enables the Total Synthesis of Cardenolide Monoglycoside N-1

 from Nerium oleander"      
 J. Mestre, M.I. Matheu, Y. Díaz, S. Castillón, O. Boutureira
J. Org. Chem.
2017, 82, 3327-3333

Herein we present a chemical approach for the ready preparation of d-sarmentosyl donors enabling the first total synthesis and structure validation of cardenolide N-1, a challenging 2,6-dideoxy-3-O-methyl-β-d-xylo-hexopyranoside extracted from Nerium oleander twigs that displays anti-inflammatory properties and cell growth inhibitory activity against tumor cells. The strategy highlights the synthetic value of the sequential methodology developed in our group for the synthesis of 2-deoxyglycosides. Key steps include Wittig–Horner olefination of a d-xylofuranose precursor, [I+]-induced 6-endo cyclization, and 1,2-trans stereoselective glycosylation.

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